In my previous two articles, I showed you how to create your own SE Sparse disks as well as creating new virtual machine Linked Clones leveraging the new SE Sparse disk format. If you recall earlier, one of the features of the SE Sparse disk format is to provide the ability to reclaim unused blocks within the guestOS which is a two step process: wipe and shrink.

Here is a screenshot that describes the process which was taken from the What’s New In vSphere 5.1 Storage Whitepaper by my colleague Cormac Hogan. I highly recommend you check out the whitepaper which includes more details about this feature and other storage improvements in vSphere 5.1

The process of kicking off this wipe and shrink operation will be done through an integration with VMware View (a future release from my understanding). Now, it’s important to understand that it’s not just simply calling these two operations but it is also when they are called. The wipe operation is more CPU intensive as it scans for unused space within the guestOS filesystem and the shrink operation is more I/O intensive as it issues the SCSI unmaps commands. I can only assume that these operations will be scheduled based on the utilization of the guestOS to help reduce the impact to the VM workload.

Now having said that, since the SE Sparse disk format is a feature of the vSphere 5.1 platform, so are both the wipe and shrink operations. Though they are not exposed in the public vSphere API like the SE Sparse disk format, you can still access the private APIs if you know where to look ;)

****** Disclaimer ******: This is for educational purposes only, this is not officially supported by VMware. Use at your own risk.

With some help from my good friend the vSphere MOB and some digging, I have located the two vSphere API methods for wipe and shrink operation. Before getting started, ensure you have a VM with at least one SE Sparse disk, else these commands will not be very useful.

Note: In this experiment, I tested the wipe and shrink operation with Windows XP image, this may or may not work on other OSes.

First you will need to search for the VM in question and retrieve it’s vSphere MOB URL which is in the format of https://[vcenter-server]/mob/?moid=vm-X where X is the MoRef ID for your VM. You can either navigate through the vSphere MOB or use my MoRef finder script.

Wipe Operation

To issue the wipe API, enter the following URL into your web browser (remember to replace the MoRef ID with the one of your VM)

https://[vcenter-server]/mob/?moid=vm-X&method=wipeDisk

Here is a screenshot of what that looks like if you are able to successfully access the private API:

Go ahead and click on “Invoke Method” which will then execute the wipe operation. If you take a look at the vSphere Web Client, you should now see a new task for the wipe operation.

This can take a bit of time as it scans through the guestOS filesystem for unused space.

Shrink Operation

Once the wipe operation as completed, we then need to issue the shrink API. Enter the following URL into your web browser (remember to replace the MoRef ID with tone of your VM)

https://[vcenter-server]/mob/?moid=vm-X&method=shrinkDisk

Here is a screenshot of what that looks like if you are able to successfully access the private API:

Here you can specify particular disks (requires diskId) that you wish to perform the shrink operation on. If you leave it blank, it will try to shrink all disks associated with your VM. In our example, I will shrink all disks. Go ahead and click on the “Invoke Method” which will kick off the shrink operation. If you go back to the vSphere Web Client, you should now see a shrink task in progress.

Again, this operation can also take some time, but once it has finished, then you have successfully reclaimed any unused blocks within your guestOS.

4 thoughts on “How To Initiate a Wipe & Shrink Operation On an SE Sparse Based Disk

  1. I wanted to share a warning. I upgraded to the latest vSphere ESXi, VMware Tools, and vCenter 5.1.0b release. I also backed up all my VMs with the vSphere Data Protection appliance. After doing those two things I’ve lost the ability to shrink my seSparse disks. I’m not sure whether the upgrade or the VDP is responsible, but now every wipe task immediately errors with “Wipe Disk failed: Failed to complete wipe operation.”

  2. William,
    You can get the ref id of a vm with PowerCLI too

    Example:
    > Get-VM -Name P_XP_D-1 | select id

    Id

    VirtualMachine-vm-209

Thanks for the comment!