The other day I needed to increase the capacity on one of my Nested VSAN Datastores as one of our users required a larger VSAN datastore than it was initially configured for. I was expecting to be able to just increase the size of the underlying VMDKs like I would for a traditional Nested ESXi environment and rescan in ESXi to pick up the new capacity without any downtime. It turns out, this is was not exactly the case for a Nested VSAN environment.
When you first setup VSAN, regardless of how the disks were claimed, VSAN will consume the entire device (SSD or MD). The capacity that VSAN initially detects will then be used to create the necessary partition as part of the VSAN Disk Group creation. VSAN assumes that the capacity for the underlying devices would never change as in the "real" world, disks do not auto-magically get larger 🙂 and this is a valid assumption. In a Nested ESXi environment however, it can auto-magically get larger but VSAN was not built for this use case. What ends up happening is that the underlying devices can be "hot-extended" but the existing VSAN Disk Group can not detect this new capacity.
Having said that, there are two ways you can increase your VSAN datastore:
Option 1 - If you wish to preserve your VSAN Datastore, you can hot-add additional VMDK(s) to your existing VSAN Disk Group or if it is full, you can create a new disk group and add additional VMDK(s). This will modify your setup slightly if you wanted a particular set of disk groups but will allow you to preserve your data.
Option 2 - The latter option requires the deletion and re-creation of the VSAN Datastore which is not ideal if you already have data on it. You will need to increase the capacity of the underlying VMDKs and then re-create your VSAN Datastore, but this way you can keep the existing number of disks and disk groups you initially created your Nested ESXi environment with.
In my scenario, I could not destroy the VSAN Datastore as I had someone using it and so I opted for option #1. Here is what my configuration looked like before which was a single VSAN Disk Group with 1xSSD and 1xMD:
In just a few seconds, I can see my new storage device. I can now head over to the VSAN management page which is located at the vSphere Cluster and once I refresh, I can see that VSAN has automatically added the new "MD" into the existing disk group and my storage has automatically expanded!