Network Proxies are commonly used by customers to provide connectivity from internal servers/services to access external networks like the Internet in a controlled and secured manner. While working on a recent network proxy enhancement for our VMware Event Broker Appliance (VEBA) Fling, I had setup a Squid server which is a popular network proxy solution.
I had noticed a couple of folks were asking about network proxy configuration for Standalone Tanzu Kubernetes Grid (TKG) and figure this might be interesting to explore, especially for my recently released TKG Demo Appliance Fling which enables folks to quickly go from zero to Kubernetes in just 30 minutes! I figured this would be another good opportunity to learn a bit more about TKG as well as Kubernetes (K8s) and I jokingly said to myself, how hard could this be!? 😉 Apparently it was not trivial and took a bit of trial/error to figure out the correct combination and below is the procedure that can be followed for both standard deployment of TKG as well as the TKG Demo Appliance Fling.
Proxy Setting configurations for TKG CLI
The TKG CLI uses KinD (Kubernetes in Docker) under the hood to setup the initial K8s bootstrap cluster to deploy the TKG Management Cluster. If you have not already downloaded KinD node image (registry.tkg.vmware.run/kind/node:v1.17.3_vmware.2) or if you need to go through a network proxy to do so, then the following instructions can be followed to make your Docker Client aware of a network proxy.
Here is an example of the error if Docker Client can not download the image:
# docker pull registry.tkg.vmware.run/kind/node:v1.17.3_vmware.2
Error response from daemon: Get https://registry.tkg.vmware.run/v2/: net/http: request canceled while waiting for connection (Client.Timeout exceeded while awaiting headers)
If you are not using a private container registry with TKG, then you also need to also ensure that the KinD Cluster can connect to your network proxy when it pulls down the required containers from the internet. Luckily, KinD can simply detect the network proxy settings of your operating system. You can either set the proxy using traditional environmental variables (http_proxy, https_proxy and no_proxy) during your use of TKG CLI or you can simply set it globally so you do not forget.
In my setup, TKG CLI is running in a Photon OS VM and global proxy settings are configured in /etc/sysconfig/proxy Proxy settings will vary across operating systems and you should check with the vendor documentation for specific instructions. The following command will set both HTTP and HTTPS proxy variables to use my proxy server and you will also want to make sure you whitelist all networks and addresses which you want to by-pass the proxy.
cat > /etc/sysconfig/proxy << EOF
Note: If you are using the TKG Demo Appliance, you only need to configure the Photon OS global proxy settings. In my example, I have white listed my local 192.168.* addresses, registry.rainpole.io which is the embedded Harbor registry, 10.2.224.4 which is the internal IP Address of VMC vCenter Server, *.svc addresses which all the internal K8s services and 100.64.0.0/13 which is the CIDR range used by TKG for the Service networks and 100.96.0.0/11 which is the CIDR range used by TKG Cluster networks.